Parlington Hall :: The Round Building or Deer Shelter

Round Building

The header picture is of the circular stone structure, comprising twelve arches four open and eight blank in the order of [1 open 2 blank 1 open 2 blank 1 open 2 blank 1 open 2 blank], which lies amidst a clump of trees to the south of the driveway, roughly half way along to the Triumphal Arch. It is a listed monument, Grade 2, and is described as a deer shelter. I rather doubt it was a deer shelter as the four open archways all have stone thresholds, an unusual characteristic if it were for deer, which suggests that at some time it may have had a floor. Also there is no evidence of how the walls were capped or whether it had a roof. I believe it may have formed a viewing point to the paddocks below in the valley through which the River Crow was so carefully culverted. This area was probably used for the horse breeding activities of Sir Thomas Gascoigne. The building was designed by William Lindley and built circa 1802 around 1805. (More recent research has revealed drawings and other information in the WYAS Gascoigne archive.)

Update After 2010

The round building suffered a catastrophic collapse in January 2010 the opening which faced south west collapsed taking part of the adjacent blank solid arch. Sadly it has never been re-instated.

Originally it had a thatched roof, which was finished at the perimeter wall with a York stone slate. The walls comprised coursed local stone, constructed in the ashlar smooth faced style. It has twelve arches, four which are openings in the wall and eight which have inset stone panels, blank arches. The stones which form the arches might be termed pilasters as they are raised from the surface. The openings are opposite each other in a cross shape and between each opening are two of the blank panels. When first built, around 1805, more or less based on a design by the Doncaster architect William Lindley, it sported a central stone column and the roof structure was of a king post pattern, although no doubt modified to accommodate the circular construction. At the summit of the conical roof was a weather vane, Lindley’s drawings show a fox in full tilt as the actual directional device.

The estimates for the building, two are still in existence, are dissimilar in the description of the work to be performed, but are plainly for the same thing. They offered on a workmanship only basis from £51-10-3 to £54-12-6. (Imperial £ s d) Sir Thomas would no doubt have provided the stone, timber and roof thatch.

Panorama Views

I am always looking for ways of creating a more engaging experience for my readers, and to this end since my decision to start producing panoramic photos of the area, I have considered a number of locations which would benefit the armchair viewer the opportunity to see certain parts of the estate that are either out of bounds, unknown, or simply out of reach if you are not local. The link on the picture below is to a 360° panorama of the inside of the circular stone listed building which is around a hundred yards off to the left on the south of the main driveway.

Full Size Panorama

Note: (March 2019) The panorama was originally created as a QuickTime VR movie, this format is no longer supported so it has been re-done using JavaScript. When the new window opens, simply click inside the image and drag to move around the panorama. The movie is made up of 16 images in two tiers, to create the circular panorama.

Recent Photographs

The following photographs were taken in 2019, sadly no interest has been shown in doing anything about restoring the grade two listed structure.

Additional Comments

The small round structure was never a very solid piece of architecture, in its original form it was roofed in a thatch, with a stone slate at the perimeter eaves. There was a column in the centre on which the king post trusses rested. Although no longer standing evidence of the column is to be found in the ground. Also over the last nine years a tree has grown up inside the building, whilst only an elder it will likely help to undermine the walls in due course.

A Collection of Round Building Photos

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